DKRZ PyNGL example linear regression and running meanΒΆ

Software requirements:

  • Python 3

  • PyNGL 1.6.1

  • xarray

  • numpy

  • scipy

Run the map example script:

python PyNGL_linear_regression_moving_average.py

Example PyNGL_linear_regression_moving_average.py:

import numpy as np
import xarray as xr
from   scipy.interpolate import interp1d
from   scipy import stats,signal
import Ngl, sys,os

#-----------------------------------------------------------
# Function create_legend()
#
# create a legend from scratch
#-----------------------------------------------------------
def create_legend(wks,labels,colors,dx,dy):

    nlabs = len(labels)

    txres               =  Ngl.Resources()
    txres.txFontHeightF =  0.014                #-- default size is HUGE!
    txres.txJust        = "CenterLeft"          #-- puts text on top of bars

    plres               =  Ngl.Resources()
    plres.gsLineThicknessF =  2.0               #-- set line thickness

    x, y = np.array([0.0,0.02]),np.array([0.0,0.0])
    dtx, ddy = 0.03, 0.02

    for i in range(0,nlabs):
        plres.gsLineColor   =  colors[i]        #-- set line color
        lg1 = Ngl.polyline_ndc(wks, x+dx, y+dy-(i*ddy), plres)
        txres.txFontColor  =  colors[i]         #-- set font color
        Ngl.text_ndc(wks,labels[i], x+dx+dtx, y+dy-(i*ddy), txres)


#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#-- Function: main
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def main():

    #-- input file
    diri  = os.path.join(os.environ['HOME'], "NCL/PyNGL/tests/")
    fname = "rectilinear_grid_2D.nc"                #-- data file name

    #-- open file and read variables
    f = xr.open_dataset(os.path.join(diri,fname))
    t    = f['tsurf'][:,::-1,:]                     #-- first time step, reverse latitude
    time = f['time'][:]                             #-- all timesteps

    #-- create the x-axis values and labels use xarrays time format
    itime  = np.arange(0,len(time))                 #-- x-axis values
    date   = []                                     #-- empty array to hold the date strings

    for i in range(0,len(time)):
        s = str(time[i].values).split('T')
        date.append(s[0])                           #-- x-axis labels

    print('--> date: ',date)
    print('--------------------')

    #-- compute the mean of the 2d field (time,lat,lon)
    t_mean1 = t.mean()              #-- compute mean over all dimensions; returns 276.90332
    t_mean2 = np.mean(t)            #-- compute mean over all dimensions; returns 276.90332

    #-- compute the field mean for each timestep -> time serie
    t_mean2d = np.array(t.mean(dim=['lat','lon']))
    print('--> data: ',t_mean2d)
    print('--------------------------------------')

    #-- trend computation: create rx and calculate the regression coefficient ry
    rx  = np.vstack([itime, np.ones(len(itime))]).T
    m,t = np.linalg.lstsq(rx, t_mean2d, rcond=None)[0] #-- returns gradient and y-intersection
    ry  = (m*rx)+t
    print('--> trend: ',ry[:,0])
    print('--------------------------------------')

    #-- moving average; large window value smooths the line
    window  = 4
    weights = np.repeat(1.0, window)/window
    t_mvavg = np.convolve(t_mean2d, weights, 'valid')
    print('--> moving avg: ',t_mvavg)
    print('--------------------------------------')

    #-------------------------------
    #--       graphics
    #-------------------------------
    lg_labels = ['data',\
                 'trend - np.linalg',\
                 'moving average - np.linalg.lstsq (w 4)']  #-- legend labels

    lg_colors = ['black','red','blue']              #-- line/legend colors

    #-- open graphics output
    wks = Ngl.open_wks('png','plot_interp_regress_stat')

    res = Ngl.Resources()                           #-- plot options desired
    res.nglDraw           =  False
    res.nglFrame          =  False
    res.nglPointTickmarksOutward = True             #-- point tickmarks outward

    res.caXMissingV       =  -999.                  #-- indicate missing value
    res.caYMissingV       =  -999.                  #-- indicate missing value

    res.trXMinF           =  0.
    res.trXMaxF           =  itime[-1]
    res.trYMinF           =  276.4
    res.trYMaxF           =  277.5

    res.xyLineThicknessF  =  3                      #-- line thicknesses
    res.xyLineColor       =  lg_colors[0]           #-- line color

    res.tmXBMode          = 'Explicit'              #-- use explicit values
    res.tmXBValues        =  itime[::4]             #-- use the new x-values array
    res.tmXBLabels        =  date[::4]              #-- use the new x-values array as labels
    res.tmXBLabelFontHeightF = 0.008
    res.tmXBLabelAngleF   =  45
    res.tmXBMinorOn       =  False                  #-- turn off minor tickmark

    #-- base plot time series
    plot0 = Ngl.xy(wks, itime, t_mean2d, res)       #-- create the plot

    #-- plot trend
    res.xyLineColor       =  lg_colors[1]           #-- line color
    res.xyLineThicknessF  =  2                      #-- line thicknesses
    res.xyDashPattern     =  0                      #-- line dash pattern
    plot1 = Ngl.xy(wks,rx,ry,res)
    Ngl.overlay(plot0,plot1)

    #-- plot moving average
    res.xyLineColor       =  lg_colors[2]           #-- line color
    res.xyLineThicknessF  =  4                      #-- line thicknesses
    res.xyDashPattern     =  1                      #-- line dash pattern
    plot2 = Ngl.xy(wks,itime,t_mvavg,res)
    Ngl.overlay(plot0,plot2)

    #-- draw the plot
    Ngl.draw(plot0)

    #-- create a legend from scratch
    create_legend(wks,lg_labels,lg_colors,0.58,0.93)

    #-- advance the frame
    Ngl.frame(wks)

    Ngl.end()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

Result:

PyNgl interp regress stat w400